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About Green Island
Green Island, once known as "Fire Island" is a small island located 33 kilometers in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of South Eastern Taiwan . Having a population of 2000 on an area of 16,2 square kilometers, the island was formed by volcanic action which left a curved and complex coastline. Coastal beach terraces and cliffs drop to colorful coral reefs where schools of tropical fish make their abode. Along the shoreline, white coral beaches can be found and numerous coves which lead into warm tropical waters.
A nature-lover’s paradise, this sparsely-populated island can be circumnavigated in 30 minutes by scooter. A small “town" including an airstrip and harbor, is located on the western part of the island. The rest of the island has been kept free from commercial development offering the visitor unspoiled natural beauty both on and off-shore.
What to See and Do on Green Island
The climate is tropical and any time is good to visit especially fall and spring ( winters never get cold -Minimum 19 Deg C and the water temperature is always above 20 Deg C). April to September is hot and also the Taiwanese peak season- and also typhoon season.December and January are the cooler months (20-30 Deg C), but also offer great visibility if you like diving and the warm Japanese current that ensures comfortable water temperatures . Activities here include diving, snorkeling, hiking, salt water hot springs and fishing. There is not a lot of nightlife here, except for the nightly parties down at the hot springs (one of only three seawater hot springs in the world!).The hot springs are open all-year around.
A Hot spring with a view!
Some of the other areas to visit include the prisons and prison visitor centre,the lighthouse, Kuynyin Cave ( containing an interesting temple with a stalagmite dressed up in a cape to represent the deity Kuanyin), and a trail that leads to the top of Huoshao Mountain (an extinct volcano -the lava that flowed from it created Green Island ). Unspoiled white beaches are to be found all around the island.Please note that the prisons are a "must see" and the prison visitor center offers an in-depth insight into Taiwan's modern history.
....................A retired water buffalo enjoying its SPA!
.......beginners luck?..This Canadian lady put all the men to shame by catching the most fish that day!
Fauna & Flora on Green Island Taiwan
GREEN ISLAND 2ND INTRODUCTION:
Green Island is a tropical island located in the north-flowing channel of the Japan Current, and so is extraordinarily rich in both species and absolute quantities of marine organisms. Fish, shellfish, and coral give the most striking indication of this abundance, and sea snakes, sea turtles, and other vertebrates are also seen there in large numbers.
Surveys show that the island is home to more than 300 species of fish, with reef fish being the most abundant. Most of these fish are brightly colored in complicated patterns; and the sight of these beautiful fish flitting among the coral, which itself vies for attention with a multitude of shapes and shades, forms a wildly colorful undersea tableau.
Warm, clear, shallow seas provide an ideal environment for the growth of coral. Green Island is surrounded by this kind of excellent ocean environment, and thus has produced a beautiful world of coral. There are a large number of coral species here, and their ratio of cover is high; everywhere, you can see cityscapes of coral flourishing under the waves. There are also a large number of shellfish and crustacean species, and the huge quantities of miniature shellfish along the shoreline is one of the unique features of the island. More than four species of sea snakes thrive in the waters off the western side of the island; they have a gentle nature but are also equipped with strong poison, so wise skin-divers maintain a safe distance from them.
If you want to observe the fascinating underwater world of Green Island, you have a variety of choices. You don't even have to get wet; you can take a glass-bottom boat, a semi-submersible, or a fully submersible tourist submarine. If you have been properly trained, you can don scuba tanks and become a part of the underwater world yourself.
The archaeological excavations have proved that human activities at Green Island can be traced back to 4,000 years ago and indigenous cultures had been found around the island since then till the very late period. In 1799 (the 4th year of Jia-Qing Reign, Qing Dynasty), Chen Bi-xian, a fisherman from Siaoliouciou, led a group of people to Green Island to exploit the land. Later, after Han people moved in, fights began to occur between them and Dawu people. As the exploitation of the Han people, Dawu people gradually moved backward to the area around Zhong Liao and finally withdrew from Green Island. During Qing Dynasty, Han people mainly relied on agriculture, supplemented by fishery and lumbering and this had made this island an autonomic and self-supporting closed society which was not under the control of Qing Government. During the Japanese colonization period, although the introduction of skipjack tuna of pole and line fishery and Katsuo industry had promoted the development of commerce and fishery, forests suffered unprecedented destruction. After 1961, Cheng Gong Fishing Port and Fu Gang Fishing Port (originally called Jialulan Port or Qielan Port) were successively accomplished and deer-raising industry also started to become prosperous. However, since 1991, the rapid development of sea and air transport, the fast growth of tourist population and the changes of social structure have all brought great impacts on the environment and ecology.